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HERDIN Record #: R07-CDU-1802121427148 Submitted: 12 February 2018 Modified: 24 February 2020

Food consumption among the Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics students enrolled at Cebu Doctors' University, SY 2015-2016: A study in relation to protein and energy adequacy.

Lolito Del Pilar Jr.,
Christine Mae Estidola,
Vivian Eve Garcia,
Jestel Angel Ngoboc,
Krissa Jode Tan,
Maria Finella Tura,
Jocelyn Bacayo

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  The study aimed to assess the adequacy of energy and protein intake of the BS Nutrition and Dietetics (BSND) students by comparing their consumption to the Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intake (RENI) for Filipinos, 2002. The study made use of the descriptive random sampling design among the BSND students who were 16 - 21 years old enrolled at Cebu Doctors' University (CDU) during the school year 2015 - 2016. CDU is medical institution in Cebu located at #1 P.V. Larrazabal JR, Avenue, North Reclamation Area, Mandaue City, Cebu. The collection of food consumption made use of a 24-hour food recall the previous day. The standardized measuring cups and spoons were used to assist each respondent in estimating the amount and portion sizes of foods they consumed. In addition to assessing the adequacy of energy and protein intake, Body Mass Index (BMI) was also determined and classified according to WHO Classification published in 2002. The body weight was measured with minimal clothing and without shoes using a calibrated detecto medical scale. Height was measured to the nearest one centimeter while the students were in a full standing position without shoes.

   It had been determined that there were at least 2 females for every male respondents in the study. Female respondents were 4 months younger compare to their male counterparts with the mean age of 19.81 and 20.08 years old respectively. Male (mean= 62.48 kg) BSND students are heavier by 8.62 kg. compared to the female (mean=53.86 kg.) students. The mean height in centimeters for male and female respondents is 166.94 cm and 156.58 cm respectively noting a difference of 10.36 centimeters. The BSND students were having a BMI of 18.5 - 24.99 kg/m2 which is classified to be normal or having a "health weight". Rice is consumed at 29.27%, 40.74%, and 21.45% on breakfast, lunch and dinner respectively. Banana, apple and melon were the fruits consumed by the respondents. The consumption of beverages in a form of soft drinks is high at 30% during snacks compared to 9.88% in lunch and 20.25% during dinner time. The mean % adequacy of energy and protein were 82% and 93% respectively. There were 15.4%, 7.7% and 12.82% overweight females, male and both genders respectively. The results obtained in the study were lower compared to the 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS), 2008 which is 34%, 27.6 %, and 31.1% in female, male, and both genders respectively.

   Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that there were more female than male respondents in the study but male respondents were older than the female. From there BMI, both gender were classified as normal or healthy weight. The consumption of BSND students were mostly coming from rice, pork, chicken and soft drinks but less on fruits and vegetables. Only few of them met both % adequacy of energy and protein. The researchers would like to recommend that students will learn using the research findings as a way to help them in choosing the right kind and quantity of food that they will consume. For the future researchers they must do the 24 hour food recall in not less than 3 days to obtain a more accurate data. The interviewer should be able to probe further in order to get the total amount of food consumed. A bigger sample is recommended to get the best results.

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Nutrition and Dietetics
Publication Date
March 2016
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U13 F739 2016 Fulltext Print Format
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