Report an error   


HERDIN Record #: R07-CDU-1802121427148 Submitted: 12 February 2018 Modified: 24 February 2020

Food consumption among the Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics students enrolled at Cebu Doctors' University, SY 2015-2016: A study in relation to protein and energy adequacy.

Lolito Del Pilar Jr.,
Christine Mae Estidola,
Vivian Eve Garcia,
Jestel Angel Ngoboc,
Krissa Jode Tan,
Maria Finella Tura,
Jocelyn Bacayo

See More

  The study aimed to assess the adequacy of energy and protein intake of the BS Nutrition and Dietetics (BSND) students by comparing their consumption to the Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intake (RENI) for Filipinos, 2002. The study made use of the descriptive random sampling design among the BSND students who were 16 - 21 years old enrolled at Cebu Doctors' University (CDU) during the school year 2015 - 2016. CDU is medical institution in Cebu located at #1 P.V. Larrazabal JR, Avenue, North Reclamation Area, Mandaue City, Cebu. The collection of food consumption made use of a 24-hour food recall the previous day. The standardized measuring cups and spoons were used to assist each respondent in estimating the amount and portion sizes of foods they consumed. In addition to assessing the adequacy of energy and protein intake, Body Mass Index (BMI) was also determined and classified according to WHO Classification published in 2002. The body weight was measured with minimal clothing and without shoes using a calibrated detecto medical scale. Height was measured to the nearest one centimeter while the students were in a full standing position without shoes.


   It had been determined that there were at least 2 females for every male respondents in the study. Female respondents were 4 months younger compare to their male counterparts with the mean age of 19.81 and 20.08 years old respectively. Male (mean= 62.48 kg) BSND students are heavier by 8.62 kg. compared to the female (mean=53.86 kg.) students. The mean height in centimeters for male and female respondents is 166.94 cm and 156.58 cm respectively noting a difference of 10.36 centimeters. The BSND students were having a BMI of 18.5 - 24.99 kg/m2 which is classified to be normal or having a "health weight". Rice is consumed at 29.27%, 40.74%, and 21.45% on breakfast, lunch and dinner respectively. Banana, apple and melon were the fruits consumed by the respondents. The consumption of beverages in a form of soft drinks is high at 30% during snacks compared to 9.88% in lunch and 20.25% during dinner time. The mean % adequacy of energy and protein were 82% and 93% respectively. There were 15.4%, 7.7% and 12.82% overweight females, male and both genders respectively. The results obtained in the study were lower compared to the 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS), 2008 which is 34%, 27.6 %, and 31.1% in female, male, and both genders respectively.


   Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that there were more female than male respondents in the study but male respondents were older than the female. From there BMI, both gender were classified as normal or healthy weight. The consumption of BSND students were mostly coming from rice, pork, chicken and soft drinks but less on fruits and vegetables. Only few of them met both % adequacy of energy and protein. The researchers would like to recommend that students will learn using the research findings as a way to help them in choosing the right kind and quantity of food that they will consume. For the future researchers they must do the 24 hour food recall in not less than 3 days to obtain a more accurate data. The interviewer should be able to probe further in order to get the total amount of food consumed. A bigger sample is recommended to get the best results.

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Nutrition and Dietetics
Publication Date
March 2016
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U13 F739 2016 Fulltext Print Format
1. Ajayi, A. E. , Umoh, E. J. . "Assessment of protein-energy intake and health status of secondary school students in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria." PAT 9(1): 81-90, 2013. Retrieved from: http://patnsukjournal.net/Vol9No1/P9.pdf
2. Bolajoko, O. , Ogumdahunsi, G. A. , Folahan, O. , Odugbeni, B. A. , Alakuro, O. . (2015, November 30). Nutrient adequacy of foods eaten by students attending boarding and day secondary in Owo.. . Retrieved from: http://www.foodandnutritionjournal.org/volume2number2/nutrient-adequacy-of-foods-eaten-by-students-attending-boarding-and-day-secondary-schools-in-owo/
3. Cartagena, R. S. . Are the foods and drinks in your school canteen healthy? An Assessment of the Nutritional Value of the Foods and Drinks sold at the School Canteens of De La Salle Araneta University.. Manila, Philippines. Presented at the DLSU Research Congress 2014 De La Salle University, . Retrieved from: http://www.dlsu.edu.ph/conferences/dlsu_research_congress/2014/_pdf/proceedings/FNH-II-013-ft.pdf
4. Dietitians Associati, . (). Adolescent nutrition.. . Retrieved from: http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/adolescent-nutrition/
5. Food and Nutrition R, . (2001, November 30). Recommended energy and nutrient intake (RENI). . Retrieved from: http://www1.fnri.dost.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1122&Itemid=246
6. Food and Nutrition R, . (2007, November 30). 7th National Nutrition Survey (NNS).. . Retrieved from: http://www.ndap.org.ph/files/upload/7th-National%20Nutrition%20Survey.pdf
7. Food and Nutrition R, . (2008, November 30). 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS).. . Retrieved from: http://202.90.141.88/NNS/8thNNS.pdf
8. Getz, L. . " Men in dietetics." Today’s Dietitian 16(6): 34, June 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/060114p34.shtml
9. Jamorabo-Ruiz, Adela , Serraon-Claudio, Virginia . Basic Nutrition for Filipinos 6th Edition. Metro Manila Philippines: Merriam & Webster Bookstore, Inc., 2010.
10. Lee, S. M. , Jin, N. H. , Foler, D. , Yuan, J. . (2010, November 30). Characteristics and perception of healthy food as perceived by college students. International CHRIE Conference-Refereed Track. . Retrieved from: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1738&context=refereed
11. Moreno, L. A. , Rodriguez, G. , Fleta, J. , Bueno-Lozano, M. , Lazaro, A. , Bueno, G. . (2009, November 30). Trends of Dietary Habits in Adolescents. . Retrieved from: lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/life-stages/adolescents
12. National Health and , . (2015, November 30). Australian dietary guidelines: Incorporating the Australian guide to healthy eating. . . Retrieved from: https://www.eatforhealth.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/public_consultation/n55_draft_australian_dietary_guidelines_consultation_111212.pdf
13. Oregon State Univers, . (2015, November 30). Micronutrients requirements of adolescents ages 14 – 18 years old. . . Retrieved from: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/life-stages/adolescents#reference8
14. Panlasigui, L. . Manual in basic nutrition. Manila Philippines: Merriam & Webster Bookstore, Inc., 1996.
15. Salomon, S. . " Diversifying dietetics: A challenge that’s well worth the effort." Today’s Dietitian 11(3): 26, March 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/td_030909p26.shtml
16. Story, M. , Stang, J. . (). Nutrition needs of adolescents.. . Retrieved from: http://www.epi.umn.edu/let/pubs/img/adol_ch3.pdf
17. World Health Organiz, . (2004, November 30). Nutrition in adolescence – issues and challenges for the health sector. . . Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43342/1/9241593660_eng.pdf
18. Yardimci, H. , Ozdogan, Y. , Ozcelik, A. O. , Surucuogla, M. S. . "Fast-food consumption habits of university students: the sample of Ankara." Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 11(3): 265-269, 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.pjbs.org/pjnonline/fin2268.pdf