This study aimed to determine the Correlation of the Abdominal fat and the health risk of having Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among selected jeepney drivers of SM City terminal. The study focuses on jeepney drivers who have oversized abdomen, it's the researchers desire to raise awareness to all of the jeepney drivers. This involved a stratified sampling of all routes of the population of the jeepney drivers stationed at SM City Cebu Terminal during 10 am to 5pm shift. A 10 item Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire was personally administered to one hundred seventy four (174) respondents. The level of risk (low to moderate, high or very high risk) was determined after computing the total risk scores based from the risk factors of the assessment questionnaire.
The study collected data such as Personal profile (i.e., age, weight, height, BMI, waist circumference, and skin fold), Abdominal Fat, Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Significant Association between Profiles. The risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is positively correlated with age, driving experience, waist circumference and BMI and has no significant correlation with skin fold. The study utilized Percentage distribution, Mean and Standard Deviation, and Linear Correlation Analysis to treat the data. It was revealed that out of the 174 respondents, 44% have low to moderate risk and 30.5% have high risk to diabetes. In addition, forty four are very high risk which indicates that they have a 50% chance to be diagnosed over the next ten years.
The result of this particular study showed the significant correlation between the abdominal fat which is measured by waist circumference and the risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. In addition, there is significant relation among age, number of years experienced as a driver and BMI with waist circumference. Finally, there is a significant correlation between Personal profiles and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The findings also presented the significant correlation between waist circumference and the risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Thus, a development and/or implementation of lifestyle programs are necessary. Through information dissemination (i.e. pamphlets and brochures on prevention of diabetes), modifiable factors such as increasing physical activity and the dietary habits can be stressed and help prevent such a drastic disease.