Report an error   


HERDIN Record #: R07-CDU-1811231347585 Submitted: 23 November 2018 Modified: 24 February 2020

The influence of social fear on the level of self-efficacy among first year students of Cebu Doctors' University.

Isiah Raoul Sydney D. Carcel,
Ariel Jjed A. Palomares,
Maria Elen C. Marcojos

See More

     This study aims to investigate the influence of social fear on the level of self-efficacy among first year students of Cebu Doctors' University for Academic Year 2015-2016. The study was conducted at Cebu Doctors' University with the population of 542 first year respondents. The study made use of Descriptive Correlational Survey Research Design to investigate the influence of the variable and stratified random sampling method was used to gather data required for the study. The study used two (2) standardized research tools, namely: Social Fear Scale (SFS) and Self-Efficacy Scale (SES). The Social Fear Scale (SFS) was developed by Mark L. Raulin and Jennifer L. Wee which measures the particular type of social fear of the person. The Self-Efficacy Scale was developed by Mark Sherer and James E. Maddux which designed to measure general expectation of self-efficacy that are not tied up to specific situations or behavior a person.


     Based on the findings, majority of the respondents scored low in the level of social fear with a percentage of 56% (n=304) and 37% (n=199) of the respondents had a moderate level of social fear while minority of the respondents scored high in the level of of social fear with a percentage of 7% (n=39). Results also show that majority of the respondents had a moderate level of self efficacy with a percentage of 77% (n=420) and 22% (n=119) of the respondents had a high of level of self efficacy while minority of the respondents scored low in the level of self efficacy with a percentage of 1% (n=3). The calculated p-value of -0.072 indicated that there is a weak negative correlation between social fear and self efficacy. Thus, there is no significant influence of social fear on the level of self efficacy among first year students of Cebu Doctors' University for the academic year 2015-2016.


    Based on the findings of the study, the researchers have concluded that low level of social fear prevailed among the respondents and a moderate level of self efficacy predominated among the respondents. The computed p-value of -0.072 indicated that there is no significant influence of social fear on the level of self efficacy of the students. From the given results, the researchers would recommend the Guidance Office to develop a social fear and self efficacy related programs to students in order to limits the power of negative thoughts and help them be motivated and gain confident on their studies. It is highly recommended for the teachers and professors to create activities every meeting or once in a week to maintain students' confidence on their abilities and their motivation towards their performance. Orientations are also recommended to the parents by the School Administrators on the importance of having a good relationship within the family to increase their child's self-esteem and orient them on the importance of their function as parents and how it influences their child's level of social fear.

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
AB
Specialization
Psychology
Publication Date
April 2016
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U10 C177 2016 Fulltext Print Format
1. Afshan, A. , Skari, I. , Manickam, L. . "Shyness, Self-Construal, Extraversion–Introversion, Neuroticism, and Psychoticism: A Cross- Cultural Comparison Among College Students" 120(1): 129-141, 2015. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/abn/120/1/129/
2. Alden, L. , Taylor, C. . " Interpersonal processes of social phobia" Clinical psychology review 24 (7): 857–882, 2004. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2004-20500-006
3. Bandura, A. . "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change" Psychological Review 84(2): 191-215, 1977. Retrieved from: http://https://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Bandura/Bandura1977PR.pdf
4. Bandura, A. . "Self-efficacy determinants of anticipated fears and calamities" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45(2): 464- 469, 1983. Retrieved from: http://web.stanford.edu/dept/psychology/bandura/pajares/Bandura1983aJ PSP.pdf
5. Bressert, S. . (2013, November 30). Social Anxiety Phobia Symptoms. . Retrieved from: http://psychcentral.com/disorders/social-anxiety-disorder-social phobia-symptoms/
6. Brown, L. , Silvia, P. , Germeys, I. , Kwapil, T. . (2006, November 30). When the need to belong goes wrong: The expression of social anhedonia and social anxiety in daily life. Netherlands: Association for Psychological Science.. . Retrieved from: https://libres.uncg.edu/ir/uncg/listing.aspx?id=9639
7. Capps, D. . (2009, November 30). Social phobia: Alleviating anxiety in an age of self-promotion. . Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/2071920/Social_Phobia_Alleviating_Anxiety_in an _Age_of_Self-Promotion
8. Constans, J. , Penn, D. , Ihen, G. , Hope, D. . " Interpretive Biases for Ambiguous Stimuli in Social Anxiety" Journal of Behaviour Research and Therapy 37, 643 - 651, 1999. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(98)00180-6
9. Corcoran, K. J. , Fischer, J. . Measure of clinical practice: A sourcebook (3rd ed.) New York: The Free Press, 2000.
10. Davidson, G. , Neale, J. , Kring, A. , Johnson, S. . (2010, November 30). Abnormal Psychology. . Retrieved from: http://www.amazon.com/Abnormal- Psychology-12th-Edition-Kring/dp/1118018494
11. Davis, M. . " Literature Review on Counseling Groups for Social Phobia" Graduate Journal of Counseling Psychology , 2012. Retrieved from: http://epublications.marquette.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article =1048&context=gjcp
12. Dornyei, Z. . "Motivation in second and foreign language learning." Language teachings, surveys and studies 31 (3): 117-135, 1998. Retrieved from: http://www.zoltandornyei.co.uk/uploads/1998-dornyei- lt.pdf
13. Eden, D. , Aviram, A. . "Self-efficacy training to speed reemployment: Helping people to help themselves" Journal of Applied Psychology 78(3): 352-360, 1993. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=1993-39415- 001
14. Ferrer, S. . The Influence of Self Indecisiveness on the Level of Self Efficacy Among Selected First Year Students of Cebu Doctors’ University. Mandaue City. 2013. Cebu Doctors’ University,
15. Furrer, C. , Skinner, E. . "Sense of relatedness as a factor in children’s academic engagement and performance" Journal of Educational Psychology 95 (1): 148-162, 2003. Retrieved from: http://https://selfdeterminationtheory.org/SDT/documents/2003_FurrerSkinner_J EP.pdf
16. Gilles, D. , Turk, C. , Fresco, D. . "Social anxiety, alcohol expectancies, and self-efficacy as predictors of heavy drinking in college students." Addictive behaviors 31 (2006): 388-398, 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.personal.kent.edu/~dfresco/Fresco_Papers/Gilles_et_al_2006. pdf
18. Henderson, L. , Zimbardo, P. . (2011, November 30). Shyness, social anxiety, & social phobia. . Retrieved from: http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/wp- content/uploads/2014/07/main-42.pdf
19. Hertel, P. , Brozovich, F. , Joormann, J. , Gotlib, I. . "Biases in Interpretation and Memory in Generalized Social Phobia." Journal of Abnormal Psychology 117 (2): 278-288, 2008. Retrieved from: http://web.stanford.edu/group/mood/gotlib_pdfs/hertel_gotlib_JAP _2008.pdf
20. Imam, S. . (2006, November 30). General self-efficacy scale: Dimensionality, internal consistency and temporal stability.. . Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.507.1337&rep=r ep1&type=pdf
21. Kashdan, T. , Roberts, J. . "Social Anxiety’s Impact on Affect, Curiosity, and Social Self-Efficacy During a High Self-Focus Social Threat Situation. " Cognitive Therapy and Research 28(1): 119-141, 2004. Retrieved from: http://toddkashdan.com/articles/sainteraction.pdf
22. Kukes, A. . (2015, November 30). Andy’s story. . Retrieved from: https://akfsa.org/
23. Leary, M. , Schenkler, B. . "Social anxiety and self-presentation: A conceptualization and model." Psychological Bulletin 92 (3): 641-669, 1982. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.306.7844&rep=r ep1&type=pdf
25. Long, P. . "Internet mental health for social anxiety disorder" Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 4, 2015. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.306.7844&rep=r ep1&type=pdf
26. Mansell, W. , Clark, D. , Ehlers, A. , Chen, Y. . "Social anxiety and attention away from emotional faces" Articles on Cognition and Emotion 13 (6): 673-690, 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/026999399379032
27. Melrose, S. . "Perfectionism and depression: vulnerabilities nurses need to understand" Nursing Research and Practice 2011, 1-7, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/nrp/2011/858497/
28. Nolan, H. , Walters, K. . (1999, November 30). Social anxiety scale for adolescents: Normative data and further evidence of construct validity. . . Retrieved from: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article= 1311&context=psyc hfacpub
29. Osman, A. , Jones, K. , Osman, J. . "Psychometric properties of the social fear scale" Psychological reports 67, 1373-1367, 1990. Retrieved from: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1311&context=psyc hfacpub
30. Pajares, F. . (2001, November 30). Overview of Social Cognitive Theory. . Retrieved from: www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Pajares/eff.html.
31. Perez , C. . The relationship of self-consciousness and social fear among selected first year students of Cebu Doctors’ University. Mandaue City. 2012. Cebu Doctors’ University,
32. Redmond, B.F. . (2009, November 30). Self Efficacy and Social Cognitive Theories. . Retrieved from: https://wikispaces.psu.edu/display/PSYCH484/7.+SelfEfficacy+and+Social +Cognitive+Theories
33. Redmond, B. . (2010, November 30). Psych484: Work attitudes and job motivations. . . Retrieved from: https://wikispaces.psu.edu/display/PSYCH484/7+SelfEfficacy+and+Social +Cognitive+Theories
34. Ressler, K. , Pine , D. , Rothbaum, B. . Anxiety Disorder New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
35. Rudy, B.M. , Davis, T. E. , Matthews, R. A. . " The relationship among self- efficacy, negative self-referent cognitions and social anxiety in children: A Multiple Mediator Model." Behavior Therapy 43 (3): 619-628, 2011. Retrieved from: http://https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225376388_The_Relationship_A mong_SelfEfficacy_Negative_SelfReferent_Cognitions_and_Social_Anxie ty_in _Children_A_Multiple_Mediator_Model
36. Staugaard, S.R. . "Threatening faces and social anxiety: A literature review." Clinical Psychology Review 30, 669–690, 2010. Retrieved from: http://https://www.researchgate.net/publication/44679256_Staugaard_SR_Th reatening_faces_and_social_anxiety_a_literature_review_Clin_Psychol_R ev_30_669-690
37. Strongman, K.T. . (1994, November 30). Theories of anxiety. . Retrieved from: http://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/NZJP-Vol242-1995-1- Strongman.pdf
38. Tarkhan, M. , Esmaeilpour, M. , Tizdast, T. . " A study of the relationship between social anxiety, social self-efficacy and body image in the girl students of the Islamic Azad University at Tonekabon Branch" European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences 4, 510 - 515, 2013. Retrieved from: http://european- science.com/eojnss/article/view/196
39. Toshalis, E. , Nakkula, M. . (2011, November 30). Motivation, engagement and student voice.. . Retrieved from: http://www.studentsatthecenter.org/sites/scl.dldev.com/files/Motivation%2 0Engagement%20Student%20Voice_0.pdf
40. Vanscoy, H . (2015, November 30). Shame: The Quintessential Emotion. Massachusetts: Psych Central. . Retrieved from: http://psychcentral.com/lib/shame-the-quintessential-emotion/
41. Wilkinson, R. . "Annals of the new York Academy of Sciences: Health, Hierarchy and Social Anxiety." Journal of Socioeconomic Status and Health in Industrial Nations: Social, Psychological and Biological Pathways 896, 48-63, 2006. Retrieved from: http://DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1999.tb08104.x.
42. Williams, L.M. . "The multidimensional nature of schizotypal traits: A cluster analytic study" Journal of Personality and Individual Differences 16 (1): 103 - 112, 1994. Retrieved from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0191886994901147